گرایش به راه‌اندازی کسب ‌و کار شخصی بر پایه شور و شوق کارآفرینانه دانشجویان پردیس کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی دانشگاه تهران

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

استادیار دانشکده اقتصاد و توسعه کشاورزی، دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

این تحقیق باهدف اصلی بررسی متغیرهای جداکننده دو سطح گرایش به راه‌اندازی یک کسب‌وکار با تمرکز بر ویژگی شور و شوق کارآفرینانه دانشجویان انجام شد. جامعه آماری پژوهش متشکل از 742 دانشجویان کارشناسی سال‌های سوم و چهارم  و 412 تن دانشجویان کارشناسی ارشد پردیس کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی دانشگاه تهران بود(1154N=). نمونه موردنظر به شمار 205 نفر بر پایه فرمول تصحیح جامعه محدود دانیل تعیین و به روش سهمیه‌ای نمونه‌گیری انجام شد. ابزار پژوهش پرسشنامه‌ای بود که روایی و پایایی آن مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. روش آماری غالب تحلیل رگرسیون لجستیک دوجمله‌ای بود. نتیجه کلی تحقیق گویای آن است شور و شوق کارآفرینانه متغیری مهم در پیش‌بینی گرایش­های کارآفرینی است. همچنین مشخص شد که تنها دانشجویانی که سطح بالاتری از شور و شوق کارآفرینانه را تجربه کرده­اند دارای گرایش به راه‌اندازی کسب‌وکار هستند. نتیجه تحلیل حساسیت مدل لجیت نیز نشان داد که این تابع عملکرد قابل قبولی در جداسازی گرایش­های کارآفرینانه دارد. گذراندن دوره‌های آموزش‌های کارآفرینی نیز در افزایش گرایش به راه‌اندازی کسب‌وکار در بین دانشجویان موثر بود، ولی جنس در این زمینه نقشی نداشت.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Assistant Prof., Faculty of Agricultural Economics and Development, University of Tehran., Tehran, Iran

نویسنده [English]

  • amir alambaigi
چکیده [English]

The main aim of research was to investigate factors which distinct two categories of intention in Business Startup Behavior Based on students' entrepreneurial passion among University students. Research method was descriptive correlation study. The statistical population comprised of senior and junior undergraduate students as well as graduate students of the University College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Tehran University. 205 students were selected using the Daniel formula through quota sampling method. Research instrument was a questionnaire whose validity and reliability were reviewed and approved. A dominant statistical method was binary logistic regression. The results of this empirical study indicate that a significant variable in predicting entrepreneurial passion is entrepreneurship Intention. It was also found that only students who have experienced high levels of entrepreneurial passion, experience a salient intention to startup businesses. The results of the sensitivity analysis for logit models showed satisfied performance in the separation of intentions levels according to entrepreneurial passion. Also experiences in entrepreneurship course could result in willingness among students to start a business but did not show significant role of gender in this regard.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • entrepreneurial intention
  • Entrepreneurial Passion
  • agricultural students and University of Tehran
Baum, J. and Locke, E. (2004). The relationship of entrepreneurial traits, skill and motivation to subsequent venture growth. Journal of Applied Psychology, 89(4): 587–598.

Cardon, M. S., Wincent, J. Singh, J. and Drnovsek, M. (2009). The nature and experience of entrepreneurial passion. Academy of Management Review. 34(3): 511–532.

Cardon, M. S. Gregoire, D. A. Stevens, C. E. and Patel, P. C. (2013). Measuring entrepreneurial passion: Conceptual foundations and scale validation. Journal of Business Venturing:28 (1); 373–396.

Carsrud, A. L., & Brannback,M. (2011). Entrepreneurial motivations: what do we still need to know? Journal of Small Business Management, 49(1), 9–26.

Chen, X., Yao, X. and Kotha, S. (2009). Entrepreneur passion and preparedness in business plan presentations: A persuasion analysis of venture capitalists’ funding decisions. Academy of Management Journal. 52(1): 199–214.

Dalborg, C. and Wincent, J. (2015). The idea is not enough: The role of self-efficacy in mediating the relationship between pull entrepreneurship and founder passion. International Small Business Journal: 33(8) 974–984.

Dickson, P.H., Solomon, G.T., & Weaver, K.M. (2008). Entrepreneurial selection and success: Does education matter? Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, 15(2): 239–258.

Edelman, L., Brush, C. G., Manolova, T., & Greene, P. (2010). Start-up motivations and growth intentions of minority nascent entrepreneurs. Journal of Small Business Management, 48(2), 174–196.

Fayolle, A., Linan,F. and Moriano, J. A. (2014). Beyond entrepreneurial intentions: values and motivations in entrepreneurship. International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal: 10(1), 1-11.

Fitzsimmons, J. R. and Douglas, E. J. (2011). Interaction between feasibility and desirability in the formation of entrepreneurial intentions. Journal of Business Venturing 26(4): 431–440.

Hattab, W. H. (2014). Impact of Entrepreneurship Education on Entrepreneurial Intentions of University Students in Egypt. The Journal of Entrepreneurship. 23(1): 1–18.

Ho V, Wong S and Lee C (2011) A tale of passion: Linking job passion and cognitive engagement to employee work performance. Journal of Management Studies. 48(1): 26–41.

Jaen, I., & Linan, F. (2013). Work values in a changing economic environment: the role of entrepreneurial capital. International Journal of Manpower, 34(8), 939–960.

Joensuu, S., Viljamaa, A., Varamaki, E. and Tornikoski, E. (2013). Development of entrepreneurial intention in higher education and the effect of gender. Journal of Education and Training. 55(8/9): 781-803.

Karlsson, T. and Moberg, K. (2013). Improving perceived entrepreneurial abilities through education: Exploratory testing of an entrepreneurial self-efficacy scale in a pre-post setting. The International Journal of Management Education, 11 (1): 1–11.

Kautonen, T. Luoto, S. and Tornikoski, E. T. (2010) Influence of work history on entrepreneurial intentions in ‘prime age’ and ‘third age’: A preliminary study. International Small Business Journal. 28(6): 583–601.

Krueger, N. F. (2009). Entrepreneurial intentions are dead: Long live entrepreneurial intentions. In A. L. Carsrud & M. Brannback (Eds.), Understanding the entrepreneurial mind (pp. 51–72). New York: Springer.

Linan, F. Rodriguez-Cohard, J.C. & Rueda-Cantuche, J.M. (2010). Factors affecting entrepreneurial intention levels: A role for education. International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 7(2): 195–218.

Luthje, C. Franke, N., 2002. Fostering entrepreneurship through university education and training: lessons from Massachusetts Institute of Technology. EURAM Stockholme 2nd Annual Conference, Stockholme, Sweden.

Murnieks, C. 2007. Who am I? The quest for an entrepreneurial identity and an investigation of its relationship to entrepreneurial passion and goal-setting. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Colorado-Boulder.

Oconnor, A. (2013). A conceptual framework for entrepreneurship education policy: Meeting government and economic purposes. Journal of Business Venturing, 28 (1): 546–563.

Shane, S. and Venkataraman, S. (2000). The promise of entrepreneurship as a field of research. Academy of Management Review, 25(1): 217–226.

Solesvik, M. (2013). Entrepreneurial motivations and intentions: investigating the role of education major. Education+Training, 55(3), 253–271.

Sundararajan, M., Peters, L., 2007. Role of emotions in the entrepreneur's opportunity recognition process. Paper Presented at the Academy of Management Conference. Philadelphia, PA.

Tolentino, L. R., Sedoglavich, V., Lu, V. N., Raymund, P., Garcia, J. M., and Restubog, S. L. D. (2014). The role of career adaptability in predicting entrepreneurial intentions: A moderated mediation model. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 85 (1) 403–412.

Verheul, I., Wennekers, S., Audretsch, D., Thurik, R. (2001). An eclectic theory of entrepreneurship. Discussion Paper TI2001-030/3. Tinbergen Institute, Amsterdam. (retrieved: www.tinbergen.nl).

Yordanova, D. and Tarrazon, M.-A. (2010), “Gender differences in entrepreneurial intentions: evidence from Bulgaria”, Journal of Developmental Entrepreneurship, Vol. 15 No. 3, 245-261.

Zhang, Y., Duijsters, G.M., and Cloodt, M. (2013). The role of entrepreneurship education as a predictor of university students’ entrepreneurial intention. International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 9(1): 1-19.