رابطه‌ هوش هیجانی و توانایی کارآفرینانه دانشجویان کشاورزی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

عضو هیات علمی/بنیاد دانشنامه‌نگاری ایران

چکیده

هدف این پژوهش، بررسی رابطه‌ی بین هوش هیجانی و توانایی کارآفرینانه دانشجویان کشاورزی دانشگاه اراک بود. این پژوهش از نوع کاربردی است و جامعه آماری آن را 500 تن دانشجوی کارشناسی دانشکده کشاورزی دانشگاه اراک در سال تحصیلی 95-1394 تشکیل دادند که 107 تن از آنان بر پایه جدول بارتلت و با روش نمونه‌گیری تصادفی ساده انتخاب شدند و داده‌ها از طریق پرسشنامه گرداوری شد. روایی پرسشنامه با استفاده از نظرسنجی از کارشناسان و قابلیت اعتماد آن از طریق محاسبه‌ی آلفای ترتیبی (85/0-80/0=α) تائید شد. نتیجه‌های تحقیق نشان دادند که وضعیت دانشجویان در دو مولفه‌ی خودانگیزشی و مدیریت هیجان‌ها نیازمند توجه بیشتری است. یافته‌های تحلیل همبستگی اسپیرمن نشان داد که بین پنج مولفه‌ی خودآگاهی، مدیریت هیجان‌ها، خودانگیزشی، همدلی و مهارت‌های اجتماعی و هوش هیجانی با توانایی کارآفرینانه دانشجویان در سطح یک درصد رابطه‌ی مثبت و معنی‌داری وجود دارد. تحلیل رگرسیون ترتیبی نیز نشان داد که دو متغیر مدیریت هیجان‌ها و سابقه‌ی اعضای خانواده در راه‌اندازی کسب‌وکار بین 52 تا 79 درصد از احتمال واریانس توانایی کارآفرینانه دانشجویان را تبیین کردند

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Relationship between Emotional Intelligence and Entrepreneurial Capacity of Agricultural Students

چکیده [English]

The aim of this research was to investigate the relationship between emotional intelligence and entrepreneurial capacity among the agricultural students at Arak University. Quasi-experimental method was applied in this research. The statistical population consisted of 500 B.Sc. agricultural students in the 1394-95 academic year, from which 107 students were determined by Bartlett table as the research sample and were selected by applying simple random sampling technique. A questionnaire was developed to gather data. Validity and reliability of the research instrument were confirmed based on the evaluation of a panel of experts and ordinal alpha coefficient (α=0.80-0.85), respectively. The findings of research indicated that motivating oneself and managing emotions of students need further attention. The results of Spearman correlation coefficient analysis revealed that there was a positive significant relationship between self-awareness, managing emotions, motivating oneself, empathy, social skills and total emotional intelligence and students' entrepreneurial capacity. Ordinal regression analysis results revealed that the two variables of managing emotions and prior experiences of family members in starting business accounted for 52% to 70% probability of variation in the entrepreneurial capacity of students.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Agricultural student
  • Emotional intelligence
  • entrepreneurial capacity
  • entrepreneurship

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