تأثیر گرایش به یادگیری و اشتیاق به کار بر قصد کارآفرینانه دانشجویان کارشناسی ارشد رشته های کشاورزی دانشگاه زنجان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

دانشگاه زنجان

چکیده

هدف اصلی این تحقیق بررسی تأثیر گرایش به یادگیری و اشتیاق به کار بر قصد کارآفرینانه دانشجویان رشته‌های کشاورزی بود. جامعه آماری تحقیق 489 تن دانشجویان کارشناسی ارشد دانشکده کشاورزی دانشگاه زنجان در سال تحصیلی 95- 1394 بود که حجم نمونه با توجه به جدول بارتلت، 220 تن تعیین شد و با روش نمونه‌گیری طبقه‌ای با انتساب متناسب گزینش شدند. برای گردآوری داده‌ها از پرسشنامه‌های استاندارد (پس از متناسب‌سازی پرسش‌ها با زمینه مرتبط با پژوهش) استفاده شد. روایی محتوایی پرسشنامه با نظر کارشناسان و متخصصان مورد تأیید قرار گرفت و روایی سازه و پایایی ترکیبی (CR) ابزار تحقیق نیز با برآورد مدل اندازه‌گیری و پس از اعمال اصلاح‌های لازم تأمین شد. داده‌های گردآوری شده با استفاده SPSSWin20 و AMOS20 پردازش و از مدل‌سازی معادله‌های ساختاری برای تجزیه و تحلیل آن‌ها بهره گرفته شد. نتایج تحقیق گویای آن بودند که قصد کارآفرینانه بیشتر دانشجویان مورد بررسی در حد پایین و متوسط بود و دو متغیر گرایش به یادگیری و اشتیاق به کار تأثیر مثبت و معنی‌داری بر قصد کارآفرینانه دانشجویان داشته و 61 درصد از واریانس آن را تبیین کردند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of Learning Orientation and Work Passion on Agricultural Graduate Students’ Entrepreneurial Intention at University of Zanjan, Iran

نویسنده [English]

  • rohollah rezaei
Associate professor, Department of Agricultural Extension, Communication and Rural Development, University of Zanjan
چکیده [English]

The main purpose of this research was to study the effect of learning orientation and work passion on agricultural students’ entrepreneurial intention. The statistical population consisted of all M.Sc. students in agriculture faculty of Zanjan University in 2015- 2016 academic year (N=489). According to Bartlett table, a sample size of 220 was determined and randomly selected using a stratified sampling method with proportional allocation (n=220). Data were collected using the standard questionnaires (after adjusting the questions with the field of research). Content validity of the questionnaire was confirmed by a panel of experts. Construct validity and composite reliability of the research instrument were tested by estimating the measurement model and sustained after making necessary corrections. The data were processed using SPSSwin20 and AMOS20, then analyzed through Structural Equation Modeling (SEM). The results indicated that majority of students’ entrepreneurial intention was at low and medium levels. Also, the results showed that learning orientation and work passion had a positive and significant effect on students’ entrepreneurial intention explaining about 61 percent of its variances.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • entrepreneurial intention
  • Learning Orientation
  • Passion for Work
  • Agricultural students

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