عنوان مقاله [English]
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of literacy, thinking and statistical reasoning of Graduates of Graduates of Education, Promotion, Education and Agricultural Development Universities of Iran as a statistical society in applying statistical methods at two different time points.
The sample size of the first stage in 2010, 315 graduates of the Master's degree and Ph.D. Universities across the country were selected in a proportional stratified sampling form, and the second phase in 1396, 110 graduates from the same Universities were selected. The validity of the questionnaire as a research tool with standardized and well-established combinations was confirmed by the professors and its reliability was confirmed by Cronbach's α (82%), sequential θ (95%) and cr (89%).
The purpose of this study is to investigate the quantitative results of the application of statistical methods using meta-analysis and comprehensive meta-analysis software (CAM2) in two different time periods of statistical societies.
The result of the meta-analysis showed that the statistical methods applied in the two examined periods had a moderate relationship (with a mean effect size of 0.37 to 0.41). Also, among the variables studied, statistical attitudes with a magnitude of 0.49 have the greatest effect size in relation to the statistical variables and have the most impact.