بررسی رابطه‌ی مهارت‌های استخدام‌پذیری و سازگاری مسیر شغلی در بین دانشجویان کشاورزی دانشگاه‌های بوعلی سینا و اراک

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

استادیار/گروه ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی، دانشگاه بوعلی سینا

چکیده

هدف این پژوهش توصیفی- همبستگی بررسی رابطه‌ی مهارت‌های استخدام‌پذیری و سازگاری مسیر شغلی در میان دانشجویان کشاورزی بود. جامعه آماری این پژوهش شامل 1300 تن از دانشجویان سال سوم و چهارم کارشناسی رشته‌های کشاورزی دانشگاه‌های بوعلی سینا و اراک در سال تحصیلی 97 -1396 بود که بر پایه‌ی جدول کرجسی و مورگان، 341 تن از آنان با روش نمونه‌گیری طبقه‌ای متناسب به عنوان نمونه‌ی تحقیق گزینش شدند. داده‌ها با استفاده از ابزار پرسشنامه گردآوری شد. روایی محتوایی پرسشنامه با نظر اعضای هیأت علمی دانشگاه بوعلی سینا تأیید شد. پایایی ابزار پژوهش نیز با استفاده از محاسبه آلفای ترتیبی برای مقیاس‌های اصلی پرسشنامه (در دامنه بین 80/0 تا 93/0) ارزیابی و تایید شد. داده‌ها با استفاده از تحلیل همبستگی کانونی و مدل‌‌سازی معادله‌‌‌های ساختاری با کمک نرم افزارهای SPSS و AMOS تجزیه و تحلیل شدند. نتایج پژوهش نشان داد که مجموعه مهارت‌های استخدام‌پذیری با سازگاری مسیر شغلی رابطه مثبت و معنی‌داری دارند. همچنین نتایج بیانگر آن بود که مهارت‌های حل مسئله قوی‌ترین ارتباط معنی‌دار را با چهار زیرمجموعه سازگاری مسیر شغلی یعنی نگرانی، کنترل، کنجکاوی و اعتماد مسیر شغلی دارد. نتایج این بررسی بر اهمیت توسعه مهارت‌های استخدام‌پذیری دانشجویان به منظور تقویت سازگاری مسیر شغلی آنان تاکید می‌کند. بر مبنای نتایج، پیشنهادهایی برای سیاستگذاران و آموزشگران در زمینه توسعه مهارت‌های استخدام‌پذیری و سازگاری مسیر شغلی ارایه می‌شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Relationship between Employability Skills and Career Adaptability among Agricultural Students of Bensina and Arak Universities, Iran

نویسنده [English]

  • Saeid Karimi
Agricultural Extension and Education, Faculty of Agriculture, Bu-Ali Sina University
چکیده [English]

This descriptive correlational study was conducted to investigate the relationship between employability skills and career adaptability among agricultural students. The study population was 1300 senior bachelor agricultural students of Bu-Ali Sina University and Arak University in the academic year 1396-1397. According to the table of Krejcie and Morgan, 341 of them were selected through proportional stratified sampling. A questionnaire was used to collect data. Validity of the questionnaire was approved based on the opinions of faculty members at Bu-Ali Sina University. A pilot study was conducted to determine the reliability of the instrument, which the Cronbach's alpha values for the main scales of the questionnaire, was at the appropriate level (in the range of 0.80 to 0.93). The collected data was analyzed using Canonical Correlation Analysis and Structural Equation Modeling technique by the help of SPSS and AMOS software. The results showed that there is a significant positive relationship between employability skills and career adaptability. Notably, problem solving skills were significantly related to the four sub-scales of career adaptability (career concern, career control, career confidence and career curiosity). The results of the study reveal the importance of developing students' employability skills in order to strengthen their career adaptability. The findings have implications for the development of employability skills and career adaptability.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Career adaptability
  • Employability skills
  • Agriculture students

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