عامل‏های مؤثر بر الزام‏های آموزشی توسعه فناوری زیستی کشاورزی از دیدگاه محققان مرکزهای تحقیقات و آموزش کشاورزی شمال و شمال غرب کشور

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری ترویج کشاورزی، دانشکده اقتصاد و توسعه کشاورزی، دانشگاه تهران.

2 استاد گروه ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی، دانشکده اقتصاد و توسعه کشاورزی، دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

ببـرای توفیـق در زمینـه فنــاوری زیســتی نیــاز بــه نیــروی انســانی آموزش‏دیده در همه بخش‏ها وجـود دارد. آمـوزش جامـع، پیـش نیـاز تربیـت نیروی انسانی اسـت. هدف این پژوهش، شناسایی عامل‏های موثر بر الزام‏های آموزشی توسعه فناوری زیستی کشاورزی از دیدگاه محققان کشاورزی بود. جامعه آماری تحقیق شامل 421 تن از محققان 14 مرکز تحقیقات و آموزش کشاورزی بودند که بر مبنای فرمول کوکران، حجم نمونه 201 نفر برآورد شد و برای کاهش خطا و پوشش افراد بی پاسخ، به 216 افزایش یافت. ابزار گردآوری داده‏های تحقیق، پرسشنامه بود که روایی آن با استفاده از نظر استادان دانشگاه تهران و پایایی متغیرها با استفاده از پیش آزمون و ضریب تتای ترتیبی (87/0 (θ =با استفاده از نرم‏افزار R تایید شد. نتایج تحلیل عاملی نشان داد که عامل‏های موثر بر الزام‏های آموزشی توسعه فناوری زیستی را می‏توان در 6 عامل سیاست‏گذاری، مدیریتی، تحقیقاتی، ترویجی، زراعی و مصرفی خلاصه کرد. این عامل‏ها در مجموع 49 درصد از واریانس متغیرهای مؤثر بر الزام‏های آموزشی فناوری زیستی کشاورزی را تبیین کردند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Factors Affecting Educational Requirements of Agricultural Biotechnology Development from the Viewpoint of the North and Northwest Research and Educational Centers, Iran Researchers

نویسندگان [English]

  • yahya safisis 1
  • seyyed hamid movahhewd mohannadi 2
  • ahmad rezvanfar 2
1 Ph.D. Student of Agricultural Extension, Faculty of Economics and Agricultural Development, University of Tehran.
2 Professor of Agricultural Extension and Education, Faculty of Economics and Agricultural Development, University of Tehran.
چکیده [English]

To succeed in the field of biotechnology, there is a need for trained human resources in all sectors. Comprehensive training is a prerequisite for the training of human resources. The purpose of this study was to identify the factors affecting on the educational requirements of the agricultural biotechnology development from the viewpoint of agricultural researchers. The statistical population consisted of 421 researchers which worked in 14 agricultural research centers. The Cochran formula was used to determine the sample size. The sample size was 201, which increased to 216 researchers to reduce the error and also to cover the unanswered questionnaires. The data collection instrument was a questionnaire which its validity confirmed by Professors of Tehran University and the reliability of the variables was confirmed by a pre-test and ordinal coefficient theta (θ = 0.87) through R software. The results of the factor analysis showed that the factors affecting on educational requirements of agricultural biotechnology development can be classified in 6 groups. These were: the Policy making, Managerial, Researches, Extension, agricultural, and Consumable. These factors explained 49 percent of the total variance changes.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Agricultural Biotechnology
  • factor analysis
  • Researchers
  • educational requirements

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